Tuesday, April 25, 2017

Beyond Labels: 10 Things You Should Know About GMOs | GMO Answers


Beyond Labels: 10 Things You Should Know About GMOs

Walk into any grocery store and you'll see lots of different labels plastered across a variety of food packaging. And without additional information accompanying these labels (what does "all natural" actually mean?), they may cause more confusion than clarity, as well as increase the cost of a food product.

We know you have questions about GMOs – from the safety of GMOs, to why farmers and food companies use them, to what foods (or food ingredients) were developed using genetic engineering. Here we break down 10 things you should know about GMOs so that you can decipher any non-GMO and GMO labels with ease.

1. Yes, GMOs are safe

Thousands of studies have concluded GMOs are safe, including a recent analysis from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine (NAS) that researched this very same question and again concluded: Yes, GMOs are safe

 

Additionally, the U.S. Drug and Food Administration, American Medical Association, World Health Organization, Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, The American Medical Association and many other international organizations have also reviewed and confirmed biotech foods are safe.

Genetically modified (GM) food products and food ingredients have been evaluated and approved for food and feed import globally, and consumed for 20 years with zero food safety incidents.

2. There are only 9 GMO crops commercially available (apples are coming soon)

Wondering what a GMO is and what it isn't? There are only nine GMO crops sold commercially in the US: Alfalfa, Canola, Corn (field and sweet), Cotton, Papaya, Potatoes, Soybeans, Squash, and Sugar Beets. GMO apples are approved and coming to market soon. Some of these crops, like papaya, are typically consumed whole, while others, like sugar beets, soy beans and field corn, are processed into ingredients found in common food products.

This graphic below lists the characteristics and genetic traits in GMOs.

3. Most foods don't have a GMO counterpart

You can buy GMO-free water and salt - but here's the catch: it's not possible for either to be a GMO in the first place! Even though these products and many others aren't among the nine GMO crops that are commercially sold in the US, you may still see a certified GMO-free label - and additional cost - on products like these.

 

4. Genetic modification in crops is not new

Farmers have been modifying the genetic makeup of crops for thousands of years. See how crop domestication and modification developed over time.

5. Improving a plant doesn't automatically make it a GMO

Cotton candy grapes, pluots and seedless watermelons are all GMOs right? Nope – they're developed through a range of seed improvement techniques that aren't GMO. Learn in this chart four common ways varieties of plants are created.

6. GMOs go through extensive research and testing before coming to market

It requires a tremendous investment of both time and resources to commercialize a new biotech crop. On average, GMOs take 13 years and $130 million of research and development before coming to market. The regulatory process alone can take five to seven years.

As one of the GMO Answers experts explained, "While that price tag is significant, so are the losses from pests, diseases and other issues that these new traits are designed to help farmers combat. For example, the U.S. Department of Agriculture has estimated corn rootworm causes $1 billion in damage to the U.S. corn crop alone each year. By delivering traits that can fight these pests, it increases farmers' productivity."

 

7. GMOs don't cause allergies

According to the National Academies of Sciences, GMOs have not caused a single sniffle, sneeze or bellyache. How are GMOs tested for allergies? Before a GMO is created, the desired trait is screened against all known human allergens to confirm it does not introduce a new allergen. Check out this infographic to learn how researchers look at over 1,950 genes to ensure quality and safety.

8. Why do we need GMOs?

Farmers choose to use GMOs to reduce the impact of agriculture on their environment and reduce their costs — by applying pesticides in more targeted ways, for example. Farmers have also used GMOs to save a crop – such as Hawaiian papaya — that was being threatened by a disease.

9. GMOs help protect our environment

Many misconceptions might fuel the belief that GM crops aren't environmentally sustainable, but in reality many of the practices often affiliated with sustainable farming are used with GM crops.

Fewer pesticide applications, conservation tillage (which reduces greenhouse gas emissions) and water conservation are all practices that can be used with GM crops.

10. Get to know GMOs … No, really!

Most Americans don't know much about GMOs, according to a recent survey conducted by researchers from the University of Pennsylvania's Annenberg Public Policy Center and the University of Wisconsin at Madison's Department of Life Sciences Communication. The report states:

".., Most Americans are unaware of the scientific consensus that there is no substantiated evidence showing that genetically modified foods are unsafe. And a majority of the public (58 percent) acknowledges having only a fair or poor understanding of genetically modified organisms (GMOs)."

We want to help you understand GMOs and do a better job answering your questions, no matter what they are. We stand 100 percent behind the health and safety of the GM crops on the market today, but we acknowledge that we haven't done the best job communicating about them – what they are, how they are made, what the safety data says.

Join us. Ask tough questions. Be skeptical. Be open. We look forward to sharing answers.

Stephanie Seneff is a (great) Senior Research Scientist at MIT...

Stephanie Seneff


Stephanie Seneff is a Senior Research Scientist at the MIT Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory. She received the B.S. degree in Biophysics in 1968, the M.S. and E.E. degrees in Electrical Engineering in 1980, and the Ph.D degree in Electrical Engineering and Computer Science in 1985, all from MIT. For over three decades, her research interests have always been at the intersection of biology and computation: developing a computational model for the human auditory system, understanding human language so as to develop algorithms and systems for human computer interactions, as well as applying natural language processing (NLP) techniques to gene predictions. She has published over 170 refereed articles on these subjects, and has been invited to give keynote speeches at several international conferences. She has also supervised numerous Master's and PhD theses at MIT. In 2012, Dr. Seneff was elected Fellow of the International Speech and Communication Association (ISCA).

In recent years, Dr. Seneff has focused her research interests back towards biology. She is concentrating mainly on the relationship between nutrition and health. Since 2011, she has published over two dozen papers in various medical and health-related journals on topics such as modern day diseases (e.g., Alzheimer, autism, cardiovascular diseases), analysis and search of databases of drug side effects using NLP techniques, and the impact of nutritional deficiencies and environmental toxins on human health.

Contact Information 

Stephanie Seneff
Rm G-438 MIT Stata Center
32 Vassar Street
Cambridge, MA 02139 USA
seneff@csail.mit.edu

Georgian translation created by Irakli Nishnianidze.
Swedish translation created by Weronika Pawlak.
Bengali translation created by CouponBuffer.com (Nazmun Nahar)
Romanian translation created by Irina Vasilescu 
Bosnian translation created by Amina Dugalic.

Information on Glyphosate (Roundup) 

  1. U.S. Congressional Hearing on Glyphosate, June 14, 2016. (Download Presentations from this link.)
  2. Presentation at the University of Belize on April 6, 2017. (Download)
  3. Glyphosate, Roundup, Glyphosate-Tolerance GM Soybeans, Chemical Extracted Soybean Food Oil/Soybean Powder Cause Serious Harm to Health of American/Chinese People. Compiled and translated by I-wan, Chen (cheniwan@cei.gov.cn). (Download) 
  4. Glyphosate and Autism Slides presented at the Peoples' Assembly meeting in The Hague, Netherlands, October 14, 2016. (Powerpoint Slides) 
  5. Is Roundup the Primary Cause of the Current Epidemic in Chronic Diseases? Slides for presentation hosted by Talk About Curing Autism (TACA), Massachusetts Chapter, Oct 1, 2016. (Powerpoint Slides) 
  6. Connecting the Dots: Autism, MMR Vaccine and Roundup Honolulu, HI, February 22, 2017. Sponsored by Seeds of Truth and Kokua Market. (Powerpoint Slides) (PDF Version) 
  7. Roundup, MMR and autism -- A Toxic Connection. Honolulu, HI, August 4, 2016. Sponsored in part by Seeds of Truth and Kokua Market. (Powerpoint Slides) (PDF Version) 
  8. "GMOs & glyphosate -- real threats to human & environmental health." Presented at event at University of Toronto, April 28, 2016, sponsored by Science For Peace.(Powerpoint Slides) (PDF Version) 
  9. Presentation on glyphosate at Environmental Health Symposium in San Diego in March, 2016. (Powerpoint Slides) (PDF Version) 
  10. Glyphosate: The "Safe" Herbicide that's Making Us All Sick. July, 2015. Hawaii tour, sponsored in part by Seeds of Truth. (Video of Presentation) (Powerpoint Slides) (PDF Version) 
  11. Roundup and GMO and the Rise of Modern Disease. Jan. 22, 2015. Talk in Honolulu, HI, sponsored by Seeds of Truth. (Powerpoint Slides) (PDF Version) 
  12. Roundup and GMOs: Are We Gambling with the Future of Food? July 29, 2014, Talk presented at the National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan (Powerpoint Slides) (PDF Version) 
  13. Presentation at an Informational Hearing on Genetically Modified Organisms for the Agricultural and Rural Affairs Committee of the Pennsylvania legislature. (Powerpoint Slides) (PDF Version)
  14. Is Roundup the Toxic Chemical that's Making Us All Sick? June 5, 2014, Groton School, Campbell Performing Arts Center, Groton MA. (Powerpoint Slides) (PDF Version) 
  15. "Sulfate Deficiency in Neurological Disease Following Aluminum and Glyphosate Exposure," Webinar presented on June 2, 2015, hosted by Jessica Sherman. (Powerpoint Slides) (PDF Version) 
  16. Presentation on Wednesday, May 27, 2015 in Taiwan, organized by the Green Formosa Front and sponsored by the HaoRan Foundation. (Powerpoint Slides) (PDF Version) 
  17. Presentation on glyphosate on April 28, 2014 hosted by the MIT and Wellesley Alumni Associations (Powerpoint Slides) (PDF Version) 
  18. Presentation on March 26, 2014 at International Symposium on Vaccines in Nice, France: A Role for the Pineal Gland in Neurological Damage Following Aluminum-adjuvanted Vaccination (Powerpoint Slides) (PDF Version) 
  19. Presentation on March 16, 2014 at Physicians' Roundtable Conference in Tampa, FL. (Powerpoint Slides) (PDF Version) 
  20. Presentation on Oct 16, 2013 hosted by the Wellesley chapter of the League of Women Voters. Video. Slides. 
  21. 326 page document by Sayer Ji - many references to the literature on why not to vaccinate. Click Here 
  22. Nancy Swanson, Andre Leu, Jon Abrahamson and Bradley Wallet. Genetically engineered crops, glyphosate and the deterioration of health in the United States of America. Journal of Organic Systems, 9(2), 2014. Click Here 
  23. Compilation (by Rosemary Mason MB ChB FRCA) of data worldwide on effects of glyphosate on human health. Click Here 
  24. Former Monsanto employee put in charge of GMO papers at journal Click Here Scientific journal withdraws Seralini paper on Roundup toxicity Click Here 
  25. Autism Rates and Glyphosate Application Rates to Corn and Soy in the U.S. as A Function of Time. Click Here 
  26. Slides Presented to MIT Faculty at CSAIL Offsite Meeting on May 17, 2013, on autism and glyphosate. (Powerpoint Slides) (PDF Version) 

Papers in Refereed Journals on Nutrition and Disease 

Note: These papers collectively explain how sulfate deficiency throughout the body is behind most modern diseases and conditions, and how toxic chemicals in the environment cause this deficiency.
  1. J.E. Beecham and S. Seneff. "Autoimmune Disease: Budget-buster or Enlightened Solutions? (The coming epidemic and the new administration in Washington)." Arch Community Med Pub Health 2017;3(1):32-40. (Download) 
  2. S. Seneff, W. Morley, MJ Hadden and MC Michener. "Does glyphosate acting as a glycine analogue contribute to ALS?" J Bioinfo Proteomics Rev 2016; 2(3): 1-21. (Download) 
  3. D. Kennedy, S. Seneff, RM Davidson, JW Oller, Jr, BE Haley and RD Masters. "Environmental Toxicants and Infant Mortality in the USA." Peertechz J Biol Res Dev 2016;1(1): 036-061. (Download) 
  4. S. Seneff, N. L. Swanson, G. Koenig and C. Li. "Is GERD a Factor in Osteonecrosis of the Jaw? Evidence of Pathology Linked to G6PD Deficiency and Sulfomucins," Disease MarkersVolume 2016 (2016), Article ID 8376979. (Download) 
  5. A. Samsel and S Seneff. "Glyphosate pathways to modern diseases V: Amino acid analogue of glycine in diverse proteins," Journal of Biological Physics and Chemistry 2016;16: 9-46.(Download) 
  6. Nancy Swanson, Judy Hoy and Stephanie Seneff. "Evidence that glyphosate is a causative agent in chronic sub-clinical metabolic acidosis and mitochondrial dysfunction" International Journal of Human Nutrition and Functional Medicine 2016;4:32-52. (Download) 
  7. Beecham JE and Seneff S. "Is there a link between autism and glyphosate-formulated herbicides?" J Autism 2016; 3:1. (Download) 
  8. Seneff S, Swanson N, Li C, Koenig G. "Death as a Drug Side Effect in FAERS: Is Glyphosate Contamination a Factor?" Agricultural Sciences 2015;6:1472-1501. Agricultural Sciences 2015;6:1472-1501. (Download) 
  9. Anthony Samsel and Stephanie Seneff. "Glyphosate, pathways to modern diseases IV: cancer and related pathologies," The Journal of Biological Physics and Chemistry 2015; 15:121-159. (Download) 
  10. James Beecham and Stephanie Seneff. "The Possible Link between Autism and Glyphosate Acting as Glycine Mimetic - A Review of Evidence from the Literature with Analysis." Molecular and Genetic Medicine 2015; 9:4. (Download) 
  11. Gerald Koenig and Stephanie Seneff. "Gamma-Glutamyltransferase: A Predictive Biomarker of Cellular Antioxidant Inadequacy and Disease Risk." Disease Markers Volume 2015 (2015): Article ID 818570. (Download) 
  12. Judy Hoy, Nancy Swanson and Stephanie Seneff. "The High Cost of Pesticides: Human and Animal Diseases." Poult Fish Wildl Sci 2015; 3:1. (Download) 
  13. Stephanie Seneff, Robert M. Davidson, Ann Lauritzen, Anthony Samsel, and Glyn Wainwright. "A novel hypothesis for atherosclerosis as a cholesterol sulfate deficiency syndrome." Theor Biol Med Model. 2015; 12: 9. (Download) 
  14. Anthony Samsel and Stephanie Seneff. "Glyphosate, pathways to modern diseases III: Manganese, neurological diseases, and associated pathologies." Surgical Neurology International 2015; 6:45. (Download) 
  15. Stephanie Seneff, Nancy Swanson and Chen Li. "Aluminum and Glyphosate Can Synergistically Induce Pineal Gland Pathology: Connection to Gut Dysbiosis and Neurological Disease." Agricultural Sciences 2015; 6: 42-70. (Download) 
  16. Wendy A Morley and Stephanie Seneff. "Diminished brain resilience syndrome: A modern day neurological pathology of increased susceptibility to mild brain trauma, concussion, and downstream neurodegeneration." Surg Neurol Int 18 Jun 2014;5:97. (Download) 
  17. CA Shaw, S Seneff, SD Kette, L Tomljenovic, JW Oller Jr., and RM Davidson. "Aluminum-Induced Entropy in Biological Systems: Implications for Neurological Disease." Journal of Toxicology 2014: Article ID 491316. (Download) 
  18. CA Shaw, SD Kette, RM Davidson, and S Seneff. "Aluminum’s Role in CNS-immune System Interactions leading to Neurological Disorders." Immunome Research 2013; 9:069. doi: 10.4172/1745-7580.1000069. (Download) 
  19. Anthony Samsel and Stephanie Seneff, " Glyphosate, pathways to modern diseases II: Celiac sprue and gluten intolerance." Interdiscip Toxicol. 2013; 6(4): 159-184. (Download) 
  20. Anthony Samsel and Stephanie Seneff, "Glyphosate's Suppression of Cytochrome P450 Enzymes and Amino Acid Biosynthesis by the Gut Microbiome: Pathways to Modern Diseases" Entropy 2013, 15(4), 1416-1463; doi:10.3390/e15041416 (Download) 
  21. Robert M. Davidson, Ann Lauritzen and Stephanie Seneff, "Biological Water Dynamics and Entropy: A Biophysical Origin of Cancer and Other Diseases" Entropy 2013, 15, 3822-3876; doi:10.3390/ e15093822 (Download) 
  22. Stephanie Seneff, Ann Lauritzen, Robert Davidson and Laurie Lentz-Marino, "Is Encephalopathy a Mechanism to Renew Sulfate in Autism?" Entropy 2013, 15, 372-406; doi:10.3390/e15010372 (Download) 
  23. Stephanie Seneff, Ann Lauritzen, Robert Davidson and Laurie Lentz-Marino, "Is Endothelial Nitric Oxide Synthase a Moonlighting Protein Whose Day Job is Cholesterol Sulfate Synthesis? Implications for Cholesterol Transport, Diabetes and Cardiovascular Disease." Entropy 2012, 14, 2492-2530; doi:10.3390/e14122492 (Download) 
  24. Stephanie Seneff, Robert M. Davidson and Jingjing Liu, "Is Cholesterol Sulfate Deficiency a Common Factor in Preeclampsia, Autism, and Pernicious Anemia?" Entropy 2012, 14, 2265-2290; doi:10.3390/e14112265 (Download) 
  25. Samantha Hartzell and Stephanie Seneff, "Impaired Sulfate Metabolism and Epigenetics: Is There a Link in Autism?" Entropy 2012, 14, 1953-1977; doi:10.3390/e14101953 (Download) 
  26. Stephanie Seneff, Robert M. Davidson, and Jingjing Liu, "Empirical Data Confirm Autism Symptoms Related to Aluminum and Acetaminophen Exposure," Entropy 2012, 14, 2227-2253; doi:10.3390/e14112227 (Download) 
  27. Robert M. Davidson, and Stephanie Seneff, "The Initial Common Pathway of Inflammation, Disease, and Sudden Death," Entropy 2012, 14, 1399-1442; doi:10.3390/e14081399 (Download) 
  28. Stephanie Seneff, Glyn Wainwright, and Luca Mascitelli, "Nutrition and Alzheimer's Disease: The Detrimental Role of a High Carbohydrate Diet," European Journal of Internal Medicine 22 (2011) 134-140; doi:10.1016/j.ejim.2010.12.017 (Download) 
  29. Stephanie Seneff, Glyn Wainwright, and Luca Mascitelli, "Is the Metabolic Syndrome Caused by a High Fructose, and Relatively Low Fat, Low Cholesterol Diet?" Archives of Medical Science, 2011; 7, 1: 8-20; doi:10.5114/aoms.2011.20598 (Download) 
  30. Stephanie Seneff, Robert Davidson, and Luca Mascitelli, "Might cholesterol sulfate deficiency contribute to the development of autistic spectrum disorder?" Medical Hypotheses, 8, 213-217, 2012. (Download) 

Interviews and Webinars

  • Webinar on glyphosate, oxalate and sulfate with Julie Matthews, March 2017. Slide Presentation  Slides  
  • WAPF interview on statin drugs, heart disease and glyphosate. WAPF Nov. 2015 
  • You must be nuts! Puppets Alph, Beel & Chah-Lee learn about the business of dementia from a series of online interviews by Obhi Chatterjee. Published Dec. 21, 2014. 
  • Interview with Richard Longland on glyphosate and autism (integrated with slides): (Part One) (Part Two) 
  • Legal Edition television interview with Mary Kay Elloian on glyphosate and Roundup. November 3, 2014. 
  • Radio Interview with Dr. Cindy Anderson on FTNS radio January 23, 2013. 
  • Dr. Hildy®, Stephanie Seneff, and Atty. Keith Landrum, MD: VACCINES: Past, Present, Future | One Cell One Light® Radio February 18, 2015 
  • AutismOne Presentations, 2014, 2015 and 2016. 

  • Presentation on Wednesday, May 25, 2016 at AutismOne in Chicago (Powerpoint Slides) (PDF Version) 
  • Presentation on Friday, May 27, 2016 at AutismOne in Chicago (Powerpoint Slides) (PDF Version) 
  • Presentation on Wednesday, May 20, 2015 at AutismOne in Chicago (Powerpoint Slides) (PDF Version) 
  • Presentation on Thursday, May 21, 2015 at AutismOne in Chicago (Powerpoint Slides) (PDF Version) 
  • Presentation on glyphosate on May 24, 2014 at AutismOne in Chicago (Powerpoint Slides) (PDF Version) (Video Presentation)

    TV Interviews with Mary Kay Eloian of the Legal Edition 

  • Statin Drugs 
  • GMOs and Glyphosate 
  • Vaccines: Part 1 
  • Vaccines: Part 2 
  • Presentations at Yale's Unite For Sight Global Health & Innovation Conference.

  • Apr. 16, 2016. 13th Annual Unite for Sight Conference. Roundup and Autism: Why Correlation IS Causation This Time. (Powerpoint Slides) (PDF Version) 

  • Mar 29, 2015. 12th Annual Unite for Sight Conference. Why Soy is Unhealthy: It's NOT what you Think! (Powerpoint Slides) (PDF version) 

  • April 12, 2014. 11th Annual Unite For Sight Conference. (Powerpoint Slides) (PDF Version) 

  • Weston Price Foundation Wise Traditions Articles and Presentations 

  • Why We Need to Reexamine the Risk/Benefit Tradeoffs of Vaccines. WAPF Article, Summer, 2015. 

  • Cancer to the rescue? How Tumor Cells Work Overtime to Restore Vascular Health. WAPF Article, January 20, 2014. 

  • Podcast on glyphosate - interview with Hilda Labrada Gore. Podcast, November, 2016 

  • Powerpoint Presentations at the Weston A. Price Wise Traditions 17th Annual Conference Montgomery, Alabama November 11-14, 2016. 
    Microcephaly in Brazil: Is it Really Just Zika? (Part I Slides) (Part II Slides) 

  • Powerpoint Presentations at the Weston A. Price Wise Traditions 16th Annual Conference Indianapolis November 13-16, 2015. 
    1. Folic Acid Supplementation: Why This is Not a Good Idea (Powerpoint Slides) PDF Version) 
    2. Cholesterol Sulfate, Electricity and the Vasculature (Powerpoint Slides) (PDF Version) 
  • Powerpoint Presentations at the Weston A. Price Wise Traditions 15th Annual Conference Indianapolis November 7-10, 2014. 
    Pesticides, Antibiotics, Vaccines and Pharmaceuticals: Are They the Cause of our Current Health Crisis?
    1. Nutrition (Powerpoint Slides) (PDF Version) 
    2. Pesticides: Focus on Roundup (Powerpoint Slides) (PDF Version) 
    3. Vaccines, Antibiotics, and Microbes (Powerpoint Slides) (PDF Version) 
    4. Pharmaceutical Drugs: Focus on Statins (Powerpoint Slides) (PDF Version) 
  • Powerpoint Presentations at the London Chapter's Weston Price Foundation Wise Traditions Conference in February, 2014. 
    1. GMOs and Roundup: a Marriage Made in Hell (Powerpoint Slides) (PDF Version) 
    2. Cholesterol, Sulfate and Heart Disease (Powerpoint Slides) (PDF Version) 
  • Powerpoint Presentations at the Weston A. Price Wise Traditions Conference in Atlanta, GA, November 2013. 
    1. Introduction (Powerpoint Slides) (PDF Version) 
    2. Cholesterol Sulfate (Powerpoint Slides) (PDF Version) 
    3. Gut Microbes: How They Help Us Out (Powerpoint Slides) (PDF Version) 
    4. Autism, Depression, and Alzheimer's Disease (Powerpoint Slides) (PDF Version) 
    5. Glyphosate: The Elephant in the Room (Powerpoint Slides) (PDF Version) 
    6. Nutrition: Facts and Fiction (Powerpoint Slides) (PDF Version) 
  • Powerpoint Presentations at the Weston A. Price Wise Traditions Conference in Santa Clara, CA, in November, 2012. 
    1. Taurine: A Mysterious Molecule with Intriguing Possibilities (Powerpoint Slides) (PDF Version) 
    2. Nutrition, Toxins, and Health: Facts and Speculation. Part I: Nutrition (Powerpoint Slides) (PDF version)
    3. Nutrition, Toxins, and Health: Facts and Speculation. Part II: Biology (Powerpoint Slides) (PDF Version)
  • Powerpoint Presentations at the London Chapter's Weston Price Foundation Wise Traditions Conference in March, 2012. 
    1. Let The Sun Shine In! (Powerpoint Slides)
    2. The Silver Lining in Chronic Disease (Powerpoint Slides) 
    3. Autism, Alzheimer's and Depression: A Shared Underlying Pathology and Treatment (Powerpoint Slides) 
    4. Glossary of Terms (Pdf File) 
  • Powerpoint Presentations at Weston Price Foundation's 2011 Wise Traditions Conference in Dallas, Texas. 
    1. Cholesterol, Sulfur, Lactate, and Sunlight: a New Paradigm for Health (Powerpoint Slides)
    2. Autism, Vaccines, and Cholesterol Sulfate (Powerpoint Slides)
    3. How Statins Really Work Explains Why They Don't Really Work (Powerpoint Slides)

    Essays on health 

    1. Low Fat Diet and Sunscreen: A Recipe for Disaster 
    2. Why You should Think Twice before Starting Statin Therapy 
    3. Statins, Pregnancy, Sepsis, Cancer, Heart Failure: A Critical Analysis. 
    4. APOE-4: The Clue to Why Low Fat Diet and Statins may Cause Alzheimer's. 
    5. Statins and Myoglobin: How Muscle Pain and Weakness Progress to Heart, Lung and Kidney Failure 
    6. Morbid Obesity, Vitamin D Deficiency, and Swine Flu.
    7. The Obesity Epidemic: is the Metabolic Syndrome a Nutritional Deficiency Disease? Georgian translation created by Irakli Nishnianidze
    8. Is ADHD Caused by Insufficient Dietary Fat?
    9. Could Sulfur Deficiency be a Contributing Factor in Obesity, Heart Disease, Alzheimer's and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome?
    10. How Statins Really Work Explains Why They Don't Really Work.
      (Acrobat (PDF) file 

    Video and Audio Clips 

    1. Video Clip illustrating ability for student to create flash cards and use them in a simple speech-enabled interactive game on the Web (Video Clip )
    2. Video Clip illustrating simple speech-enabled card game, Rainbow Rummy, where students use vocabulary of named objects and colors communicatively. (Video Clip )
    3. Video Clip illustrating social game where two people compete against each other in Rainbow Rummy card game. (Video Clip )
    4. Video clip illustrating spoken interaction with language learning weather system (Video Clip )
    5. Audio clip of student's original speech "shang4 hai3 ne5" (Waveform file )
    6. Audio clip of student's speech with tones repaired through phase vocoder transformations (Waveform file )

    Selected Other Papers 


    1. Jingjing Liu and Stephanie Seneff, A Dialogue System for Accessing Drug Reviews, ASRU, Hawaii, December, 2011. 
      (Acrobat (PDF) file 
    2. Jingjing Liu, Alice Li and Stephanie Seneff, Automatic Drug Side Effect Discovery from Online Patient-Submitted Reviews: Focus on Statin Drugs, IMMM, Barcelona, Spain, October, 2011.
      (Acrobat (PDF) file 
    3. Speech-enabled Card Games for Incidental Vocabulary Acquisition in a Foreign Language, Speech Communication, Special Issue on Applications to Language Learning 51(10), 1106-1123, 2009.
      (Online Version 
    4. The Use of Subword Linguistic Modeling for Multiple Tasks in Speech Recognition, Speech Communication, Vol. 42, No. 3-4, pp. 373--390, 2004.
      (Acrobat (PDF) file 
    5. The Use of Linguistic Hierarchies in Speech Understanding, Keynote Address, ICSLP '98.
      (Acrobat (PDF) file 
    6. ANGIE: A New Framework for Speech Analysis Based on Morpho-Phonological Modelling, ICSLP '96
      (Acrobat (PDF) file 
    7. Response Planning and Generation in the Mercury Flight Reservation System. Computer Speech and Language, Vol. 16, 2002.
      (Acrobat (PDF) file 
    8. Automatic Acquisition of Names Using Speak and Spell Mode in Spoken Dialogue Systems. HLT 2003.
      (Acrobat (PDF) file 
    9. Galaxy-II: A Reference Architecture for Conversational System Development. ICSLP '98.
      (Acrobat (PDF) file 
    10. Integration of Hierarchical Linguistic, Prosodic, and Phonological Constraints in the Jupiter Domain. ICSLP '98.
      (Acrobat (PDF) file 

    Chem Trailmap

    LBJ goes natchul' on his pants....

    US 'deep state' sold out counter-terrorism to keep itself in business | Middle East Eye

    US 'deep state' sold out counter-terrorism to keep itself in business | Middle East Eye

    US 'deep state' sold out counter-terrorism to keep itself in business

    New York Times columnist Tom Friedman outraged many readers when he wrote an opinion piece on 12 April calling on President Trump to "back off fighting territorial ISIS in Syria". The reason he gave for that recommendation was not that US wars in the Middle East are inevitably self-defeating and endless, but that it would reduce the "pressure on Assad, Iran, Russia and Hezbollah".

    The whole war on terrorism has been, in effect, a bait-and-switch operation from the beginning

    That suggestion that the US sell out its interest in counter-terrorism in the Middle East to gain some advantage in power competition with its adversaries was rightly attacked as cynical.

    But, in fact, the national security bureaucracies of the US – which many have come to call the "Deep State" - have been selling out their interests in counter-terrorism in order to pursue various adventures in the region ever since George W Bush declared a "Global War on Terrorism" in late 2001. 

    The whole war on terrorism has been, in effect, a bait-and-switch operation from the beginning. The idea that US military operations were somehow going to make America safer after the 9/11 attacks was the bait. What has actually happened ever since then, however, is that senior officials at the Pentagon and the CIA have been sacrificing the interest of American people in weakening al-Qaeda in order to pursue their own institutional interests.

    'The only game in town'

    It all began, of course, with the invasion of Iraq. Counter-terrorism specialists in the US government knew perfectly well that US regime change in Iraq through military force would give a powerful boost to Osama bin Laden's organisation and to anti-American terrorism generally. Rand Beers, then senior director for counter-terrorism on the National Security Council staff, told his predecessor Richard Clarke in late 2002, "Do you know how much it will strengthen al-Qaeda and groups like that if we occupy Iraq?"

    CIA director Michael Hayden at a Senate Select Intelligence Committees nomination hearing in 2006 (AFP)

    After it quickly became clear that the US war in Iraq was already motivating young men across the Middle East to wage jihad against the US in Iraq, the chief architect of the occupation of Iraq, Paul Wolfowitz, came up with the patently false rationalisation that Iraq would be a "flytrap" for jihadists.

    But in January 2005, after a year of research, the CIA issued a major intelligence assessment warning that the war was breeding more al-Qaeda extremist militants from all over the Middle East and even giving them combat experience that they would eventually be able to use back home. In a 2006 National Intelligence Estimate, the intelligence community warned that the number of people identifying themselves as jihadists was growing and was becoming more widespread geographically and even predicted growing terrorist threats from "self-radicalized cells" both in the US and abroad.

    The war managers continued to claim that their wars were making Americans safer. CIA director Michael Hayden not only sought to sell the flypaper argument on Iraq, but also bragged to the Washington Post in 2008 that the CIA was making great progress against al-Qaeda, based mainly on its burgeoning drone war in Pakistan. 

    Hayden had lobbied Bush in 2007 to loosen restraints on drone strikes in Pakistan and let the CIA launch lethal attacks on the mere suspicion that a group of males were al-Qaeda

    But Hayden and the CIA had a huge bureaucratic interest in that war. He had lobbied Bush in 2007 to loosen restraints on drone strikes in Pakistan and let the CIA launch lethal attacks on the mere suspicion that a group of males were al-Qaeda.

    It soon became clear that it wasn't really weakening the al-Qaeda in the northwest Pakistan at all. Even drone operators themselves began privately criticising the drone attacks for making many more young Pakistanis hate the United States and support al-Qaeda. The only thing Leon Panetta, Hayden's successor as CIA director, could say in defence of the programme was that it was "the only game in town".

    Covert wars

    Barack Obama wanted out of a big war in Iraq. But Centcom Commander Gen David Petraeus and Joint Chiefs of Staff director Gen Stanley A McChrystal talked Obama into approving a whole new series of covert wars using CIA drone strikes and special operations commando raids against al-Qaeda and other jihadist organisations in a dozen countries in the Middle East, North Africa and Central Asia. At the top of their list of covert wars was Yemen, where al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP) had just been formed.

    An anti-drone mural in Sanaa, Yemen, in December 2013 (AFP)

    Since 2009, the Joint Special Operations Command and the CIA have launched 16 cruise missile strikes and 183 drone strikes in Yemen. Unfortunately, they lacked the intelligence necessary for such a campaign. As many as one-third of the strikes killed innocent civilians and local notables - including the cruise missile strike in December 2009 which killed 41 civilians and an attack on a wedding party in December 2013.

    Virtually every independent observer agrees that those killings have fed Yemeni hatred of the US and contributed to AQAP's lustre as the leading anti-US organisation in the country.  

    The CIA again claimed they were doing a splendid job of hitting AQAP, but in fact the Yemeni offshoot of al-Qaeda continued to be the primary terrorism threat while the covert war continued. Three times between late 2009 and 2012, it mounted efforts to bring down airliners and nearly succeeded in two of the three.

    Sharpened contradictions

    In late 2011 and early 2012, the contradiction between the US pretension to counter-terrorism in its Middle East policy and the interests sharpened even further. That's when the Obama administration adopted a new anti-Iran hard line in the region to reassure the Saudis that we were still committed to the security alliance. That hard line policy had nothing to do with a nuclear deal with Iran, which came more than a year later.

    At first, it took the form of covert logistical assistance to the Sunni allies to arm Sunni anti-Assad forces in Syria. But in 2014, the Obama administration began providing anti-tank missiles to selected anti-Assad armed groups. And when the Nusra Front wanted the groups the CIA had supported in Idlib to coordinate with the jihadist offensive to seize control of Idlib province, the Obama administration did not object.

    The Obama national security team was willing to take advantage of the considerable military power of the Nusra Front-led jihadist alliance

    The Obama national security team was willing to take advantage of the considerable military power of the Nusra Front-led jihadist alliance. But it was all done with a wink and a nod to maintain the fiction that it was still committed to defeating al-Qaeda everywhere.

    When the Saudis came to Washington in March 2015 with a plan to wage a major war in Yemen against the Houthis and their new ally, former president Ali Abdullah Saleh, the deep state was ready to give Saudi a green light. A predictable consequence of that decision has been to fuel the rise of AQAP, which had already emerged as the primary threat of terrorist attack on the US, to an unprecedented position of power. 

    The biggest winner

    As documented by the International Crisis Group, AQAP has been the biggest winner in the war, taking advantage of state collapse, an open alliance with the Saudi-supported government and a major infusion of arms – much of it provided indirectly by the Saudis.

    Endowed with a political strategy of playing up AQAP's role as champion of Sunni sectarian interests against those Yemenis whom they wrongly call Shia, AQAP controlled a large swath of territory across southern Yemen, with the port of Mukalla as their headquarters. And even though the Saudi coalition recaptured the territory, they maintain a strong political presence there. 

    AQAP will certainly emerge from the disastrous war in Yemen as the strongest political force in the south, with a de-facto safe haven in which to plot terrorist attacks against the US. And they can thank the war bureaucracies in the US who helped them achieve that powerful position. 

    But the reason for the betrayal of US counter-terrorism interests is not that the senior officials in charge of these war bureaucracies want to promote al-Qaeda. It is because they had to sacrifice the priority of countering al-Qaeda to maintain the alliances, the facilities and the operations on which their continued power and resources depend.  

    Gareth Porter is an independent investigative journalist and winner of the 2012 Gellhorn Prize for journalism. He is the author of the newly published Manufactured Crisis: The Untold Story of the Iran Nuclear Scare.

    The views expressed in this article belong to the author and do not necessarily reflect the editorial policy of Middle East Eye.

    Photo: Yemenis gather around a burnt car after it was targeted by a drone strike, killing three suspected al-Qaeda militants on 26 January 2015 between the Marib and Chabwa provinces, a desert area east of Sanaa. The drone strike saw an unmanned aircraft, which only the United States operates in the region, fire four missiles at a vehicle killing the three suspected militants, a day after Washington vowed to continue its campaign against the jihadist group, despite the Arabian Peninsula country's ongoing political crisis (AFP)



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    Monday, April 24, 2017

    Glyphosate has poisoned the wheat...

    The Real Reason Wheat is Toxic (it’s not the gluten) – REALfarmacy.com


    The Real Reason Wheat is Toxic (it's not the gluten)

    by Sarah, The Healthy Home Economist

    The stories became far too frequent to ignore.

    Emails from folks with allergic or digestive issues to wheat in the United States experienced no symptoms whatsoever when they tried eating pasta on vacation in Italy.

    Confused parents wondering why wheat consumption sometimes triggered autoimmune reactions in their children but not at other times.

    In my own home, I've long pondered why my husband can eat the wheat I prepare at home, but he experiences negative digestive effects eating even a single roll in a restaurant.

    There is clearly something going on with wheat that is not well known by the general public. It goes far and beyond organic versus nonorganic, gluten or hybridization because even conventional wheat triggers no symptoms for some who eat wheat in other parts of the world.

    What indeed is going on with wheat?

    For quite some time, I secretly harbored the notion that wheat in the United States must, in fact, be genetically modified.  GMO wheat secretly invading the North American food supply seemed the only thing that made sense and could account for the varied experiences I was hearing about.

    I reasoned that it couldn't be the gluten or wheat hybridization. Gluten and wheat hybrids have been consumed for thousands of years. It just didn't make sense that this could be the reason for so many people suddenly having problems with wheat and gluten in general in the past 5-10 years.

    Finally, the answer came over dinner a couple of months ago with a friend who was well versed in the wheat production process. I started researching the issue for myself, and was, quite frankly, horrified at what I discovered.

    The good news is that the reason wheat has become so toxic in the United States is not because it is secretly GMO as I had feared (thank goodness!).

    The bad news is that the problem lies with the manner in which wheat is harvested by conventional wheat farmers.

    You're going to want to sit down for this one.  I've had some folks burst into tears in horror when I passed along this information before.

    Wheat harvest protocol in the United States is to drench the wheat fields with Roundup several days before the combine harvesters work through the fields as withered, dead wheat plants are less taxing on the farm equipment and allows for an earlier, easier and bigger harvest 

    Pre-harvest application of the herbicide Roundup or other herbicides containing the deadly active ingredient glyphosate to wheat and barley as a desiccant was suggested as early as 1980.  It has since become routine over the past 15 years and is used as a drying agent 7-10 days before harvest within the conventional farming community.

    According to Dr. Stephanie Seneff of MIT who has studied the issue in depth and who I recently saw present on the subject at a nutritional Conference in Indianapolis, desiccating non-organic wheat crops with glyphosate just before harvest came into vogue late in the 1990′s with the result that most of the non-organic wheat in the United States is now contaminated with it.  Seneff explains that when you expose wheat to a toxic chemical like glyphosate, it actually releases more seeds resulting in a slightly greater yield:   "It 'goes to seed' as it dies. At its last gasp, it releases the seed" says Dr. Seneff.

    According to the US Department of Agriculture, as of 2012, 99% of durum wheat, 97% of spring wheat, and 61% of winter wheat has been treated with herbicides. This is an increase from 88% for durum wheat, 91% for spring wheat and 47% for winter wheat since 1998.

    Here's what wheat farmer Keith Lewis has to say about the practice:

    I have been a wheat farmer for 50 yrs and one wheat production practice that is very common is applying the herbicide Roundup (glyposate) just prior to harvest. Roundup is licensed for preharvest weed control. Monsanto, the manufacturer of Roundup claims that application to plants at over 30% kernel moisture result in roundup uptake by the plant into the kernels. Farmers like this practice because Roundup kills the wheat plant allowing an earlier harvest.

    A wheat field often ripens unevenly, thus applying Roundup preharvest evens up the greener parts of the field with the more mature. The result is on the less mature areas Roundup is translocated into the kernels and eventually harvested as such.

    This practice is not licensed. Farmers mistakenly call it "dessication." Consumers eating products made from wheat flour are undoubtedly consuming minute amounts of Roundup. An interesting aside, malt barley which is made into beer is not acceptable in the marketplace if it has been sprayed with preharvest Roundup. Lentils and peas are not accepted in the market place if it was sprayed with preharvest roundup….. but wheat is ok.. This farming practice greatly concerns me and it should further concern consumers of wheat products.

    This practice is not just widespread in the United States either. The Food Standards Agency in the United Kingdom reports that use of Roundup as a wheat desiccant results in glyphosate residues regularly showing up in bread samples. Other European countries are waking up to to the danger, however. In the Netherlands, use of Roundup is completely banned with France likely soon to follow.

    Using Roundup as a dessicant on the wheat fields prior to harvest may save the farmer money and increase profits, but it is devastating to the health of the consumer who ultimately consumes those ground up wheat kernels which have absorbed a significant amount of Roundup!

    While the herbicide industry maintains that glyphosate is minimally toxic to humans, research published in the Journal Entropy strongly argues otherwise by shedding light on exactly how glyphosate disrupts mammalian physiology.

    Authored by Anthony Samsel and Stephanie Seneff of MIT, the paper investigates glyphosate's inhibition of cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes, an overlooked component of lethal toxicity to mammals.

    The currently accepted view is that ghyphosate is not harmful to humans or any mammals.  This flawed view is so pervasive in the conventional farming community that Roundup salesmen have been known to foolishly drink it during presentations!

    However, just because Roundup doesn't kill you immediately doesn't make it nontoxic.  In fact, the active ingredient in Roundup lethally disrupts the all important shikimate pathway found in beneficial gut microbes which is responsible for synthesis of critical amino acids.

    Friendly gut bacteria, also called probiotics, play a critical role in human health. Gut bacteria aid digestion, prevent permeability of the gastointestinal tract (which discourages the development of autoimmune disease), synthesize vitamins and provide the foundation for robust immunity.  In essence:

    Roundup significantly disrupts the functioning of beneficial bacteria in the gut and contributes to permeability of the intestinal wall and consequent expression of autoimmune disease symptoms

    In synergy with disruption of the biosynthesis of important amino acids via the shikimate pathway, glyphosate inhibits the cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes produced by the gut microbiome.  CYP enzymes are critical to human biology because they detoxify the multitude of foreign chemical compounds, xenobiotics, that we are exposed to in our modern environment today.

    As a result, humans exposed to glyphosate through use of Roundup in their community or through ingestion of its residues on industrialized food products become even more vulnerable to the damaging effects of other chemicals and environmental toxins they encounter!

    What's worse is that the negative impact of glyphosate exposure is slow and insidious over months and years as inflammation gradually gains a foothold in the cellular systems of the body.

    The consequences of this systemic inflammation are most of the diseases and conditions associated with the Western lifestyle:

    -Gastrointestinal disorders

    -Obesity

    -Diabetes

    -Heart Disease

    -Depression

    -Autism

    -Infertility

    -Cancer

    -Multiple Sclerosis

    -Alzheimer's disease

    -And the list goes on and on and on …

    In a nutshell, Dr. Seneff's study of Roundup's ghastly glyphosate which the wheat crop in the United States is doused with just days before harvest uncovers the manner in which this lethal toxin harms the human body by decimating beneficial gut microbes with the tragic end result of disease, degeneration, and widespread suffering

    Got the picture yet?

    Even if you think you have no trouble digesting wheat, it is still very wise to avoid conventional wheat as much as possible in your diet!

    You Must Avoid Toxic Wheat No Matter What

    The bottom line is that avoidance of conventional wheat in the United States is absolutely imperative even if you don't currently have a gluten allergy or wheat sensitivity. The increase in the amount of glyphosate applied to wheat closely correlates with the rise of celiac disease and gluten intolerance. Dr. Seneff points out that the increases in these diseases are not just genetic in nature, but also have an environmental cause as not all patient symptoms are alleviated by eliminating gluten from the diet.

    The effects of deadly glyphosate on your biology are so insidious that lack of symptoms today means literally nothing.

    If you don't have problems with wheat now, you will in the future if you keep eating conventionally produced, toxic wheat!

    How to Eat Wheat Safely

    Obviously, if you've already developed a sensitivity or allergy to wheat, you must avoid it.  Period.

    But, if you aren't celiac or gluten sensitive and would like to consume this ancestral food safely, you can do what we do in our home. We only source organic, preferably low gluten, unhybridized Einkorn wheat for breadmaking, pancakes, cookies etc.  But, when we eat out or are purchasing food from the store, conventional wheat products are rejected without exception.  This despite the fact that we have no gluten allergies whatsoever in our home – yet.

    I am firmly convinced that if we did nothing, our entire family at some point would develop sensitivity to wheat or autoimmune disease in some form due to the toxic manner in which it is processed and the glyphosate residues that are contained in conventional wheat products.

    What Are You Going to Do About Toxic Wheat?

    How did you react to the news that US wheat farmers are using Roundup, not just to kill weeds, but to dry out the wheat plants to allow for an earlier, easier and bigger harvest and that such a practice causes absorption of toxic glyphosate, the active ingredient in Roundup and other herbicides, right into the wheat kernels themselves?

    Did you feel outraged and violated like I did? How will you implement a conventional wheat-avoidance strategy going forward even if you haven't yet developed a problem with gluten or wheat sensitivity?

    What about other crops where Roundup is used as a pre-harvest dessicant such as barley, sugar cane, rice, seeds, dried beans and peas, sugar cane, sweet potatoes, and sugar beets?  Will you only be buying these crops in organic form from now on to avoid this modern, man-made scourge?

    Credits: Sarah, The Healthy Home Economist

    Sources and More Information

    Roundup: Quick Death for Weeds, Slow and Painful Death for You

    Glyphosate now commonly found in human urine

    Glyphosate, Celiac and Gluten Intolerance

    The Glyphosate, Celiac Disease Connection

    Hybrid Wheat is Not the Same as GMO Wheat

    The Dutch Ban Roundup, France and Brazil to Follow

    Is it the Gluten or is it the Glyphosate?

    Can Celiacs Eat Sourdough Bread?

    Pre-harvest Application of Glyphosate to Wheat

    Glyphosate's Suppression of Cytochrome P450 Enzymes and Amino Acid Biosynthesis by the Gut Microbiome: Pathways to Modern Diseases

    Yield and quality of wheat seeds as a function of desiccation stages and herbicides

    Wheat farmer weighs in on the use of Roundup as a wheat desiccant

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